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Denis Duclos (traduction anglaise du texte concernant l'auteur sur Wikipédia)

English translation of the Wikipedia text about Denis Duclos



Duclos is a sociologist, Ph.D., research director at CNRS in Paris, authorized to supervise theses in Paris I and Paris VII and associate researcher at the research group "Ethics, Technology, Organizations, Society" of the Institute Telecom.

Biography Since 1980

His main research field has been the phenomenon of societal "great fears" for both scapegoats characters (like the "serial killers") and collective actions viewed as generating disasters.

He interprets these fears as "symptomatic" positions, that is to say, which are formed in place of explicit political positions, when reasonable conversation is impossible on crucial issues. The subjects of fear rarely relate directly to a real problem at stake. For example, the serial killer, as a myth, represented, in the United States, the difficulty of finding a balance between legal system and individual freedom: both having the potential of turning into monstrosity. Another example: the fear of "mad cow" disease (due to industrial feeding of cattle) seemed to represent a more fundamental issue: artificiality of our lifestyles and our interventions on life forms and their natural intermingling. The fear of climate change reflects the broader problem of the difficulty to pass from a world composed of human entities in conflict to a world where humanity acts "as one man." The most blatant and more constant symptomatic transfer is the hatred/fear of the "Jewish conspirator" who appears to embody a rejection on the others of the guilt associated in Christian society, to the act of making God equal to Man (and therefore to symbolically "kill" God or the Father). Indeed, no one can explain the recurrence of this hatred/fear without analysing the regular trait it represents within Western civilization, as if "mechanically".

In the background of these phenomena, which can rightly be named "pathologies", Denis Duclos (who worked with the British anthropologist Mary Douglas) built a theory of cultural fields, of their conversational structure (counterpoint to the tendency to domination observed by Pierre Bourdieu. He considers in particular the emergence of "positional" clusters which tend to directly organize themselves into a global conversation, gradually moving away from their traditional shells: religious, national, international and civilizational fields. For example, it appears (supported by surveys) that the European field is largely centered by the question of law (as an eventually quantifiable system of relations): The Anglo-Saxon position tends to equate law and society, while the "latin" response anchors the law in civic local conditions, whereas another position (German) is based on the necessary correspondence between law and a wide community spirit. This conversation is a special case of a pluralization of positions to be found at other levels, but also, ultimately, in the basic attitudes of all cultures (as shown by P. Descola according to Claude Levi-Strauss.) On the assumption that, in a sense (related to the fact that homo sapiens is speaking) there has potentially only ever been one human cultural field, Denis Duclos questions History as a confluence of separating and unifying trends. He raises the problem of the pluralistic frame which, in a “society-world”, will necessarily supersede existing intermediate forms, too deeply embedded into outdated and self-centered organizations.

Bibliography



"Among the books (or parts thereof) by Denis Duclos published in French
*''La santé et le travail'', (« Occupational Health») La Découverte, 1986, 128 p.
*''La peur et le savoir ': les sociétés face à la science, la technique et leurs dangers, (« Fear and Knowledge : societies facing science, technique and their hazards ») a Découverte, 1990
*''Les industriels et les risques pour l'environnement'', (« Industry Business and Environmental risks ») L'Harmattan,1991, 250 p.
*''L'homme face au risque technique, (« Man confronted to Risk ») l'Harmattan, 1991, 275 p.
*''Risques technologiques et catastrophes industrielles'', «l'effet Tchernobyl», (« Technological hazards and industrial disasters ») in L'Etat des sciences et des techniques, La Découverte, 1991.
*''Modernité et contrôle des menaces'', (“Modernity and control of threats”) (Chap. 13) in Sortie de Siècle (JPDurand, FX Merrien eDenis.) Paris, Vigot, 1991,
*''De la civilité, ou comment les sociétés apprivoisent la puissance'', (« Civility or : how societies are taming power ») La Découverte, 1993
*''Nature et Démocratie des passions'', (« Nature and Democracy among Passions ») PUF, 1997
*''Le Complexe du loup-garou : la fascination de la violence dans la culture américaine'', (« Werewolf complex : America’s fascination with violence ») La Découverte, 1994 ; Pocket-Agora, 1998
*''Démocratie des techniques et choix énergétiques" (« Technology, Democracy and energy choices ») in L'énergie, des usages et des hommes, Editions du Cercle d'art, Paris, 1999.
*''Les quatre natures de l'homme'', (« The Four Natures of Man ») Conclusion de l'ouvrage : L'environnement, question sociale, dix ans de recherches pour le ministère de l'Environnement. Editions Odile Jacob, 2001
*''L'empreinte des formations subjectives dans l'histoire'', (« Tracking the signs of Subjective Structures in History ») in L'anthropologie psychanalytique, Anthropos, 2002
*''Heurs et malheurs du concept de risque'' (''Fortunes and misfortunes of the concept of risk'') in :Dictionnaire des risques (Y.Dupont ,dir), Armand Colin, 2003, pp 327-345
*''Entre esprit et corps, La culture contre le suicide collectif'', (Between Body and Spirit: Culture against collective suicide, ») Paris, Anthropos, 2002, 260 p. *''Société-monde : le temps des ruptures'', (« Society-World : times of disruptions »)La Découverte, 2004
* «La nostalgie gothique comme ingrédient de la société informatisée »,(préface au livre de Valérie de Courville Nicol, Le soupçon gothique, l'intériorisation de la peur en occident, ("Gothic nostalgia as an ingredient in the information society" (preface to Valérie de Courville Nicol, The Gothic touch : internalization of fear in the West.) Les presses de l'université de Montréal, 2005
*''La fonction imaginaire de la structure symbolique : ou comment revisiter Lévi-Strauss'', in La fonction symbolique, retour aux sources et actualités, (''The imaginary function of the symbolic structure: revisiting Levi-Strauss'', in” The symbolic function ») M. Zafiropoulos ( ed.) Economica, Paris, 2005
*''L'invention du langage'', (« Invention of language »), Anthropos, 2007
''Les sondages d'opinion, (''Opinion polls,'') (avec Hélene Y. Meynaud) ''La Découverte, 2007 (4th édition)
* « Esprit et Corps : l'idéal collectif suicidaire et la résistance du vivant », in La technique et le façonnement du monde : mirages et désenchantement (« Mind and Body: the collective suicidal ideal and how the living beings are resisting it » , in « Engineering and shaping the world : illusions and disillusionment ») Gilbert Vincent (ed.), , L'harmattan, Paris, 2007.
*''Pourquoi tardons-nous tant à devenir écologistes ? Société écologique et post-modernité'', (''Why are we so slow to become Environmentalists? Ecological Society and post-modernity”)
(ouvrage collectif avec la participation de Mary Douglas, Alain Caillé, Michel Freitag, Gilles Gagné, Olivier Clain Bernard Kalaora, André Micoud, Florence Rudolf , Michelle Dobré). L'Harmattan, Paris, Avril 2007

Works published in other languages :

*''The Werewolve's Complex : American fascination with violence”. Berg International , Oxford-New York, 1997.
*''Per una nuova ecologica politica'', Edizioni Dedalo, Bari, 2000, 336 pp
*''La vocazione suicida del potere collettivo : culmine dell umano, eterno focolaio dell'inumano'' « in : Umano, Post-Umano , potere, sapere, etica nell'età globale, edited by Helena Pulcini, Editori Riuniti, 2005.
*''To Symplegma tou lycanthropou''. I Elxi tis americanis coultouras pros ti via", Editions Koxlias, Athènes, 2006, 318 p.

Denis Duclos intervenes regularly in the "Monde Diplomatique'' (LMD) since 1993.
Among articles translated in English :


Also writes Denis Duclos novels in several genres (fantasy, crime). He tries to implement in them the symbolic structures of myths, as in the "cycle of Longwor", dedicated to epic adventure in imaginary Caribbean islands, where freedom of characters confronts the mechanical functions of identity of each Island (as it was discovered in the Homeric cycle).


Novels:

*''The Cycle of ancient future: 1999-2000, published in paperback by J’ai Lu.
1. Longwor, l’archipel-monde. (Longwor, the world-archipelago)
2. L’épreuve des îles (The Islands Trial)
3. Pouvoirs et savoirs. (Powers and knowledge)
4. Translatador

*Fra Diavolo (thriller provençal), Editions le Passage, Paris, 2004.


Jeudi 3 Septembre 2009 - 22:51
Mardi 15 Septembre 2009 - 20:40
Denis Duclos
Lu 1666 fois

Introduction aux sujets principaux/ Introduction to key topics | éléments pour une géo-anthropologie (geo-anthropology) | Théorie de la pluralité/Pluralist Theory | Séminaire " PLURALITE OU DYSTOPIE " (Présent et avenirs alternatifs de la société-monde) | Séminaire "Société-monde" de Comberouger | Eléments du séminaire anthropologie analytique/géoanthropologie (2000-2008) | L'actualité en anthropologie de la société-monde / updates on the anthropology of world-society | Géopolitique et géostratégie | Origines et dynamiques des cultures / origins and dynamics of cultures | Les conversations entre cultures / conversations between cultures | Psychisme et culture | Fonder l'anti-sociologie | Fonder les places du singulier et du familier en sciences humaines / setting up the bases of singularity and familiarity | L'actualité dans les sciences de l'homme et de la société / updates on human and social sciences | Analyses de la "grande crise contemporaine" | tueurs en série, tueurs-suicidants de masse : symptômes du Sociétal | Les "grandes peurs" :symptômes muets de désirs et de besoins humains | Histoire d'un chercheur / a researcher's story | Publications | direction de thèses | textes de D.Duclos traduits du français/ Denis Duclos' Texts translated from French (English, German, Italian, Spanish, | bibliographies des thèmes travaillés par Denis Duclos / bibliographies of subject matters studied by Denis Duclos | le programme de recherche de Denis Duclos au CNRS / Denis Duclos' research program at the CNRS | Projets de manifestations, séminaires, rencontres et colloques | Imaginary dialogues (which could have been real if anyone had responded) | questions et choix philosophiques | Prises de positions, alertes / stands, warnings,whistle blowing | Papers, réflexions, interventions, réactions, propositions... / papers, reflections, reactions, interventions, proposals | Thèmes spécifiques (ecologie, risque) / Specific subjects (ecology, risk) | Essais et Romans de Denis Duclos / Essays and Novels by D.Duclos | Rabelaisiâneries / Rabelaisian jest


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